Suppose we have written a Python package, like pypdb. Our goal is to make it possible for users to install the package using PyPI:

$ pip install pypdb

Initialization and setup

  • Make an account on PyPI. Note: Depending on your project scale, consider also making a matching account on TestPyPI for testing
  • In your computer’s home folder , create a .pypirc file, which allows authentication

    [distutils] index-servers = pypi pypitest

    [pypi] repository= username=your_username password=your_password

Set the appropriate permissions

$ chmod 600 ~/.pypirc

Setup project structure

Follow the instructions here for properly setting up a Python project. In the root directory, add a file setup.cfg containing the following

description-file =

Development and testing

During development, continuously update your local installation by having a Terminal window directed to the location of, and periodically run

pip install -I --no-deps .

This is much easier than trying to import locally from a path. The no-dependencies flag ensures that pip does not try to reinstall all of the dependencies, especially packages like numpy that may have been installed using conda.

Updating existing package

Update to the latest version number. Pay attention to the number of digits after the decimal: 1.3 will be counted as a lower release number than 1.299

Update and push the new version number to GitHub

$ git tag 0.5 -m "latest version"
$ git push --tags origin master

Make a distribution

python sdist bdist_wheel

Install twine using pip if needed. Now upload the new distribution via twine

python3 -m twine upload --skip-existing -r pypi dist/* --verbose

Enter PyPI credentials when prompted to do so


Issues authenticating when uploading to PyPI from Terminal

You might need to make a file at ~/.pypirc containing

index-servers =

username: <username>
password: <pass>

This will help avoid having to login elsewhere. If you are having problems logging in, check the contents of this file